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xx Injuries
« Thread started on: Sep 25th, 2006, 02:31am »
"Wound Lavage:
Irrigation of the wound washes away both visible and microscopic debris. This reduces the bacterial load in the tissue, which helps decrease wound complications. Assuming the solution is nontoxic, the most important factor in wound lavage is use of large volumes to facilitate the removal of debris. The recommended lavage is a moderate pressure system using a 35-mL syringe and a 19-gauge needle that delivers lavage fluid at 8 lb/sq in. The use of antibiotics in the lavage fluid is controversial.
The ideal lavage fluid would be antiseptic and nontoxic to the healing tissues. Although isotonic saline is not antiseptic, it is the least toxic to healing tissue. Surgical scrub agents should not be used because the detergent component is damaging to tissue. Dilute antiseptics can be used safely. Chlorhexidine diacetate 0.05% has sustained residual activity against a broad spectrum of bacteria, while causing minimal tissue inflammation. However, gram-negative bacteria may become resistant to chlorhexidine. Stronger solutions of chlorhexidine are toxic to healing tissue. Povidone-iodine 1% is an effective antiseptic, but it has minimal residual activity and may be inactivated by purulent debris. "
"....Orthopaedic injuries: wing fractures in birds require immediate immobilisation of the wing as bone fragments (esp. humerus) can cause further soft tissue injury as it flaps. Fractures of the manus or either radius or ulna alone may only need support by taping together the primaries of the closed wing. Fractures of the radius and ulna require a figure of eight bandage to hold them against the humerus. Humeral fractures must be immobilised against the body by a figure of eight bandage that incorporates the body, leaving the other wing free. Dressings should only be left for 2-3 days as joints will rapidly stiffen when held in flexion. Leg fractures in birds can be splinted, or in large birds (tibiotarsus) supported with Robert Jones dressings. Femoral fractures are usually well supported by surrounding muscle and difficult to dress. Toe fractures can be supported by ball bandages. .....",1607,7-153-10370_12150_12220-26357--,00.html
ABSCESS (one of the best articles describing the condition in birds and comparison of the differences to mammals) ... written for the layman:
(small excerpt)
..."In birds the abscess must be opened and the accumulated pus scraped out manually. The abscessed area should then be cleaned with an antiseptic solution and wound medication placed on the site. Bandaging of the wound will aid in preventing further infection." (see below the articles on AVIAN WOUND management site for additional instructions for treatment of BUMBLEFOOT)
Broken/Bleeding Blood Feathers-What to Do
WOUND MANAGEMENT links and articles
Some simple illustrated methods of stabilization for wing fractures etc. illustrated

further info on fractures:
Bird Breaks Animal Outpatient Care Center of Truckee Tahoe “The Doctor’s Office for Pets”
“.....Fractures are classified in a variety of ways based on anatomic location, type of break, whether it is open or not, etc. Just as important, as the bony injury is the soft tissue damage associated with it. Those amazing bones are surrounded by just as amazing, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels; and the force necessary to break a bone causes severe harm to everything else in the way. Even the broken bone does harm as it penetrates the overlying tissue if displaced. The soft tissue injury is often the ultimate factor in whether a bird can be fixed or not. Even the primary and secondary flight feathers attach to the underlying periosteum, which is the covering of bone. The radius and ulna, which are the forearm in mammals, are generally fused by fibrous tissue. In the bird, the two bones must be able to slide one relative to the other. Soft tissue differences such as this, the presence of a patagium, and the very limited blood supply to the distal limb and digits make care of soft tissue as important as the underlying bone.......Splints and bandages should be as minimal as possible but contain padding over prominences and joints. Birds breathe by expanding their keels, and body wraps should never impede a bird’s ability to ventilate. Keep fundamentals such as this in mind and be creative.....While birds are generally considered to heal faster than mammals, I have not found that to be the case especially with fractures. 8 weeks minimum is pretty standard for an adult bird while youngsters do heal faster. Old patients and patients with concurrent disease or injury may take a prolonged time to heal. ....."
Page with instructional brochures on TISSUE GLUE in wound closure. (A good item to have in your emergency kit)
Most of the info contained herein on emrgency and firstaid treatment is applicable for poultry.
(Though this site is geared towards the caged bird the info contained therein is relevant to chickens)
A very good overview/summary of general information necessary for First Aid
« Last Edit: Nov 3rd, 2008, 03:09am by DL » User IP Logged

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