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DL
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xx EMERGENCY FAQ
« Thread started on: Oct 10th, 2006, 05:59am »

PLEASE NOTE THE INFORMATION GIVEN AT THIS BOARD CAN NEVER REPLACE PROPER VETERINARY TREATMENT... HOWEVER IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO GET TO A VET AND ARE FORCED TO TREAT YOURSELF OR NEED INFORMATION ON HOW TO STABILIZE YOUR BIRD IN ORDER TO BRING TO A VET THEN READ FURTHER

HOW TO USE THIS BOARD AND FIND THE INFO YOU NEED:
There are so many various specific conditions and illnesses which can present as an EMERGENCY one can simply not cover all of them in this section.

I have used as a guide what the veterinary hopitals consider as "Emergencies" and you will find solid source articles with general info as well as specific advice from the University Extension ...Veterinary Sources along with some other more detailed articles here in this section. However ... please note that many articles dealing with specific treatment measures are not included here so if you do not find what you are looking for please look in the WOUND MANAGEMENT section in the PRACTICAL MATTERS category and also in the RX section and DISEASE section for specific medicine dosage information .

If you need HELP and can not get to a veterinarian please visit the EMERGENCY forum at EZboardBackyardChickens where you can perhaps find help from the knowledgable folks there (you will need to register to be able to post):
http://p072.ezboard.com/fbackyardchickensfrm4
OR
GET MEDS / ADVICE QUICK:

First State Vet Supply
800-950-8387
Peter Brown
http://www.firststatevetsupply.com

chickendr@firststatevetsupply.com
(e-mail your request/ problem stipulating EMERGENCY in the subject line)

First State Vet Supply
Box 190
Parsonburg Maryland 21849

You can always pm me or Robin or China if you feel we can help you.
« Last Edit: Oct 17th, 2006, 07:23am by DL » User IP Logged

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xx Re: EMERGENCY FAQ
« Reply #1 on: Oct 10th, 2006, 06:11am »

The following article on various SOLUTIONS USED IN POULTRY is from the Extension Specialists at Mississippi State and includes the dosage for ASPIRIN along with the dilution rates for many WORMERS and PARASITE solutions


QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE TO COMMON SOLUTIONS USED WITH POULTRY

http://www.msstate.edu/dept/poultry/extsoln.htm
Dr. Tom W. Smith, Emeritus Professor of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University
The following solutions have been used as supportive treatments by poultry and game bird producers. They are intended as aids in treating the described conditions, not as a replacement for any management, drug, or antibiotic therapy.

ASPIRIN SOLUTION
Used as a general treatment for reducing distress conditions of birds (fever or listlessness) that accompanies many diseases.

Dissolve five (5 grain) aspirin tablets in one gallon of water.

Offer this solution free-choice to the birds for the duration of an illness. The solution aspirin equivalent to 25 grains/gallon or 324 mg/gallon of drinking water. The dosage rate is about 25 mg/lb body weight per day.


ASTRINGENT SOLUTION
This solution can be used to treat young birds that show non-typical disease symptoms of poor growth. The solution can also be given to birds suffering from respiratory diseases that produce a large amount of mucus exudate. This solution will help "cut through" the mucus and allow it to be expelled easier.

Two quarts of apple cider vinegar diluted into 100 gallons of water
(4 tea spoons/gallon)

The tannin in the apple cider vinegar aide in removing any mucus or coating from the mouth, throat, or intestinal tract. Nutrients and drugs are more readily absorbed. Offer this solution as the only drinking water source for two to three day intervals.


COPPER SULFATE SOLUTION
Use this solution as a treatment for mycosis (mold infection) in the crop. An alternate name for the condition is "Thrush". Use the solution as a "follow-up" treatment after flushing with epsom salt solution--refer to the section for LAXATIVE SOLUTIONS.

Dissolve .5 lb copper sulfate and .5 cup vinegar into 1 gallon of water
for a "stock" solution.
Dispense stock solution at the rate of 1 oz per gallon
for the final drinking solution.
An alternate method of preparing the solution is:

dissolve 1 oz copper sulfate and 1 tablesthingy of vinegar into 15 gallons water.
Use either solution as the sole water source during the course of the disease outbreak. Copper sulfate is often referred to as "bluestone".


EGG DIPPING SOLUTION
This procedure has been used to destroy pathogenic organisms such as Mycoplasma spp. that can be carried on the hatching eggs. The procedure must be conducted exactly as described, and is not intended as a routine hatching egg treatment. The procedure is only used in unusual situations.

The antibiotic solution contains 500 ppm gentamycin sulfate
(1 gram per 2 liters of water) or 1 gram tylosin per liter of water.
The hatching eggs must be carefully washed, rinsed, and sanitized prior to treatment. The eggs are then prewarmed to 100 degrees F. for 3-6 hours and immediately submerged into the antibiotic solution that has been previously cooled to 60 degrees F. The eggs are left in the antibiotic solution for 15 minutes before being placed into the incubator.

After each day's use, the solution must be sterilized by heating to 160 degrees and maintained for 10 minutes. Any water lost during sterilization must be replaced. Refrigerate the solution in a clean covered container between uses to prevent bacterial contamination. Do not use or store solutions for more than three days after dilution.

LAXATIVE SOLUTIONS
The following solutions or mixtures are recommended to flush the digestive system of toxic substances, most notably for treating birds exposed to botulism toxins.

Molasses Solution:
Add one pint of molasses to 5 gallons of water
Offer the drinking solution free-choice to the affected birds for about four hours. Treat severely affected birds individually if they cannot drink. Return the birds to regular water after the treatment period.

As a supportive treatment for symptoms resulting from Cryptosporidia infection, often referred to as coronaviral enteritis, use:
One quart molasses in 20 gallons of water
.Offer this solution free-choice for a period of up to 7-10 days. It is assumed that the molasses replaces certain minerals lost from diarrhea during the course of the infection.


Epsom Salt Solution
1 lb Epsom Salt per 15 lb feed
-or-
1 lb Epsom Salt per 5 gallons water for 1 day
Give the epson salt feed mixture as the sole feed source for a one day period. This feed can be used only if the birds are eating. If the birds are not eating, use the water solution. If the birds are unable to eat or drink by themselves, use individual treatment with:
1 teasthingy of Epsom Salt in 1 fl oz water
Place the solution in the crop of the affected bird. This same amount of solution will treat 5-8 quail or one chicken.

Castor Oil Therapy:
Dose individual birds with .5 oz castor oil.

NUTRIENT SOLUTIONS
The following solutions can be used as supplements to diets that are deficient in certain amino acids, energy, or vitamins and electrolytes. They are used only as temporary additives and not intended as part of a regular feeding program.

Amino Acid Solution
100 grams (7 fl oz) dl-methionine and 110 grams (6 fl oz) l-lysine HCl
dissolved in 50 gallons water
-or-
2 grams (.8 tsp) dl-methionine and 2.2 grams (.7 tsp) l-lysine HCl
in one gallon of water
Offer the solution free-choice to the birds as an aide to reducing the depressing effects of low-protein diets. Make up a fresh solution daily and offer to birds in clean waterers. All measurements in parentheses () are volumetric measurements while those expressed in grams are weight measurements.


Vitamin & Electrolyte Solution:
This solution can be used to reduce the effects of stresses caused by subclinical diseases, transporting, management errors, etc. Dilute a commercial vitamin/electrolyte packet into the prescribed amount of water. Use as the only source of drinking water until the stress problem has been corrected.



PARASITE (INTERNAL) SOLUTIONS

The following treatments have been shown to be effective for eliminating internal parasites from poultry and game birds. Neither of these drugs (fenbendazole or leviamisole) has been approved for use by FDA, so the producer accepts all responsibility for their use. Both drugs have been very effective if used properly and will eliminate most types of internal parasites that affect birds. Caution: Do not use with birds producing eggs or meat destined for human consumption.

Fenbendazole Treatments
One-day Treatment
1 oz Safeguard or Panacur per 15-20 lb feed
Dissolve the fenbendazole product in one cup of water. Mix this solution well into the feed and give to the birds as their only feed source for one day. When completely consumed, untreated feed can be given. Be sure that the commercial medication contains 10% fenbendazole.

Safeguard is a product of Ralston Purina, and Panacur is a product marketed by American Hoechst. One ounce of medication will treat about 1000 10-oz bobwhite quail. Adjustments of the amounts of medication and feed needed may be necessary depending on the number and size of the birds.

Three-Day Treatment:
1.2 oz Safeguard or Panacur in 100 lb feed
-or-
4 oz pkt of "Worm-A-Rest Litter Pack" (Ralston Purina) in 50 lb feed
-or-
5 lb bag of "Worm-A-Rest Mix Pack" in 495 lb feed
Feed all the medicated feeds free-choice for three consecutive days. The feed mixtures provide 75 ppm fenbendazole. Quail will receive about 1.7 mg/bird each day for adult birds or 2.75 mg/lb of bodyweight.

Fenbendazole has been shown to be a very effective treatment for eliminating Capillaria (capillary worms), Heterakis (cecal worms), Ascaridia (roundworms), and Syngamus spp. (gapeworms). Toxicity from overdosing with fenbendazole is very remote. Research indicates that amounts up to 100 times the recommended dosages have been given under research conditions without adverse effects to the birds. Use of this product during molt, however, may cause deformity of the emerging feathers.

Leviamisole Solutions:
52 gram (1.84 oz) pkt Tramisol in 100 gallons water
-or-
13 gram (.46 oz) pkt Tramisol in 25 gallons water
-or-
52 gram (1.84 oz) pkt in 3 qt water (stock solution)
Dissolve the 52 gram packet of "Tramisol Cattle and Sheep Wormer" or the 13 gram packet of "Tramisol Sheep Drench Powder" into the appropriate amount of water. If the stock solution is used with a water proportioner, be sure that the stock solution is dispensed at the rate of 1 oz/gallon in the drinking water.

Any of the solutions are effective at treating Capillaria (capillary worms), Heterakis (cecal worms), and Ascaridia (roundworms). The solutions contain .5 gram of leviamisole per gallon of water. Allow the birds to drink the solution for one day, then remove. In severe cases, the treatment can be repeated every 5-7 days.

(contd. below)

« Last Edit: Oct 24th, 2006, 02:48am by DL » User IP Logged

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xx Re: EMERGENCY FAQ
« Reply #2 on: Oct 10th, 2006, 06:13am »

(contd)

PESTICIDE SOLUTIONS
Mite and Lice Body Spray Solution

Dissolve into 10 gallons of water:

6.5 fl oz 10% Permethrin EC
-or-
11.5 fl oz 5.7% Permethrin EC
-or-
2.5 fl oz 25% Permethrin EC
-or-
1.5 lb 25% Malathion wettable powder
-or-
5.3 oz 57% Malathion EC
-or-
.75 lb 50% Carbaryl (Sevin) wettable powder
Spray birds thoroughly to wet the skin and feathers. Pay particular attention to the vent area of the birds. Each gallon of spray will treat 75-100 adult leghorn-type laying hens or 250-300 adult quail. A second treatment can be applied about four weeks after the first application if necessary. The walls, ceiling, and litter of the house can be sprayed with these solutions to kill individual insects not on the birds.


Mites, Lice, and Housefly Residual Spray:
Dissolve one of the following in 10 gallons of water.

1 quart 5.7% Permethrin EC
-or-
1 pint 10% Permethrin EC
-or-
6 oz 25% Permethrin wettable powder
-or-
3 lb 25% Malathion wettable powder
-or-
10 fl oz 57% Malathion EC
Apply the permethrin spray to all ceilings, walls, roosts, nests, cracks, and crevices at the rate of one gallon for every 750 square feet. One application will be effective for at least three weeks.Malathion sprays are used as residual sprays to ceilings, walls, roosts, litter, and any dark location that is difficult to reach. Malathion sprays are applied at the rate of one gallon for every 500-750 square feet. Malathion is not recommended for fly control, but is usually effective when used in combination with body sprays for mites and lice.



SANITIZING SOLUTIONS
These solutions will reduce or eliminate slime and most disease organisms in water, drinkers, and water lines.

For Constant Use:
1 teasthingy chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite)
in 5 gallons of drinking water
This solution provides 11 ppm chlorine for sanitizing. The birds will drink the water and not be harmed by drinking it. They may need a short time to become accustomed to this solution. A more dilute solution with half the above level of bleach can be offered for a few days before using the 11 ppm solution. Clean the waterers thoroughly each day to get the best effect.


Weekly Sanitizing Rinse Solution

1 oz Chlorine Bleach in 6-8 gallons water
Rinse, soak, or expose equipment to this solution. Let stand at least one hour, then rinse with fresh water. This solution contains equivalent to 45 ppm chlorine. The procedure is most effective if conducted on a weekly basis. Remember, chlorine disinfectants are inactivated by organic matter. Clean all equipment well before using chlorine rinse solutions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------VACCINE ADMINISTRATION GUIDELINES
Clean waterers prior to vaccination. Deprive the birds of drinking water beginning one hour in hot weather and two hours in moderate or cold weather. Mix 3.2 oz powdered skimmed milk packet or equivalent into ten gallons of water. The milk neutralizes the small amount of chlorine or sanitizer present in many water sources.
Follow the vaccine manufacturer's mixing instructions for dilution level. Administer vaccine-water solution in the waterers immediately after mixing. All the vaccine solution must be consumed within 15-20 minutes if good immunization is expected.

Trade names have been used in an effort to make the information contained herein more useful. No endorsement of named products is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products that are not mentioned.

Ivomec EPRINEX and your birds:

http://shilala.homestead.com/ivomec.html

GET MEDS / ADVICE QUICK:

First State Vet Supply
800-950-8387
Peter Brown


http://www.firststatevetsupply.com


ChickenDr@firststatevetsupply.com
(e-mail your request/ problem)

First State Vet Supply
Box 190
Parsonburg Maryland 21849

http://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/publications/field_manual/chapter_5.pdf
Euthanasia

« Last Edit: Dec 5th, 2007, 07:24am by DL » User IP Logged

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